If you notice that the old processor in your system doesn’t seem to be suitable for this task lately, it might be a good idea to replace it. In this tutorial you will learn how to remove an old processor and install a new one. If you think you have a problem with your processor, be sure to visit our Post website, which can help you solve it.
- How can theprocessor be removed?
- How do I install a newprocessor?
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How can theprocessor be removed?
Of course this part of the manual is meant for those who want to remove an old processor to install a new one. We assume you’ve already prepared everything we discussed above.
Turn off the computer. Never touch the internal components of a drive HMI. It may seem obvious, but we hear anecdotal messages that some users forget to turn off their PCs when they try to make repairs. Be sure to unplug the power cord from the computer (PSU).
Allow computer to cool for at least 2 hours. If you used a computer before trying to remove the processor, give it time to cool down completely. The central unit cannot dissipate heat quickly enough, so at least 2 hours should be sufficient. Make sure that you also unplug the power cord during this time.
Disconnect all devices. Turning off other devices is the next thing you want to do when your computer has completely cooled down. The peripherals consist of the power cord (unless you unplug the power cord initially), mouse, keyboard, monitor, and other external connectors available on your drill. Then place the tower in a well-lit room or on a table where you can open it.
Cleaning the inside of. Remove the case and clean the internal system as much as possible. You want to minimize the dust that remains inside before physically removing the processor. As dust settles everywhere, the system must be thoroughly cleaned before starting work. Working on a dirty system is an unpleasant experience.
Decide whether to remove themotherboard . We strongly recommend removing the motherboard before removing the processor, but if there is enough space and you are sure you can do the work this way, leave it. Some technicians prefer to work with the motherboard in the case, but if you’re not sure if you can work comfortably in a limited space, just remove the motherboard. If you want to remove the motherboard, make sure you know how to connect ALL the cables connected to it. If this is the first time you are working on the mainboard, we recommend that you take pictures of all cable connections to your phone before removing the mainboard from the case. Again, you should ground yourself before touching the motherboard to avoid damaging the components due to electrostatic effects. If you do not have an antistatic device (earthing strap), simply touch the metal housing or the power supply unit with your hands. For a good grounding, try to remove woollen clothing that normally tends to keep static energy around you. If possible, try to work without shoes and socks. After removing the case, place the mainboard on a non-conductive surface such as a wooden or plastic table.
Unplug the processor cooler from the wall outlet. Ideally, you should disconnect the CPU cooler from the motherboard before unscrewing it, but if you haven’t done so yet, make sure the terminals are loose by putting the cooler in place. Be careful when removing the CPU cooler from the motherboard. Depending on the radiator, you can also try moving it back and forth. Make sure the maneuver is carried out carefully so as not to damage it. Sometimes the thermal mixture between the processor cooler and the processor can sag as glue, so don’t tear the cooler. If you take out the refrigerator too much, the processor can be pulled out of the socket, which can damage you and the plug. If the pin remains in the slot, your motherboard will be permanently damaged because you cannot replace the slot yourself.
If, for any reason, you wish to keep the old cooler and CPU, be sure to remove the remaining thermal paste from the bottom of the cooler. You can use the knife if the mass is not easy to remove by rubbing your finger against a cooler surface. Be careful not to scratch the bottom of the processor cooler. Clean the underside of the refrigerator as much as possible, even a small piece of metal that can shorten the processor or motherboard when connected to the system.
Processor cleaning. As soon as you remove the cooler from the CPU, you can see the processor itself. This is a good opportunity to clean the remaining thermal paste on the processor. In this situation, the processor is always well grounded, so it can’t hurt to touch it if you don’t ground it yourself. Just like what you put in the processor cooler, use a knife or credit card to remove the rest of the heat mixture. If the temperature is too high and difficult to remove, try warming up the processor a little with a hairdryer. This makes the thermal mixture softer and easier to remove.
Remove the processor. After cleaning the processor, gently lift the Zero Insertion Force (ZIF) lever to disconnect and remove it. The processor must be unplugged cleanly and without resistance. If not, you can press very gently to lift it. Don’t forget that the processor is connected to the motherboard by very thin contacts, so make sure you don’t break any of these contacts. Breaking a pen can render the old processor completely unusable, so if you plan to use it in the future, be very careful when removing the pen.
After successfully lifting the processor, place it on a non-conductive surface. Later, after installing a new replacement CPU in your system, you can use the antistatic bag to keep your old CPU intact.
How do I install a newprocessor?
This guide assumes that you have already done your homework, such as checking the compatibility of the motherboard, processor and processor cooler. If you haven’t already done so, make sure your new processor and processor cooler (unless you are using a commercially available processor cooler, which usually comes with an AMD or interprocessor) are compatible with your existing motherboard by contacting a professional.
The steps for installing the processor are generally the same. There may be some small variations, but these are mainly due to the type of processor cooler you have. Don’t worry, most non-standard processors and processor coolers come with installation documentation. This manual is intended to provide general advice on how to do this, but you should consult the processor cooler documentation to ensure that it is properly protected in the future.
Cleaning the motherboard. We assume that you have already cleaned the motherboard before removing the old processor, but if you haven’t, do it now.
Grounding. Don’t forget to punish yourself again. For instructions on how to proceed, see the instructions above.
Remove the processor from the antistatic bag. After proper grounding, carefully remove the processor from the protective cover. Handle the new processor carefully and hold the edges. Do not touch the contacts!
Raise the ZIF lever from After removing the music center from the bag, lift the ZIF lever arm so that there are no pliers in the slots. This allows you to insert the processor pins without resistance. Refer to your processor documentation to see how your processor is correctly aligned to the holes. In some processors it is as simple as aligning the notches, while in other processors you can check a small triangle in a corner.
No pressure must be applied when inserting the processor cables. Never press the processor to install it correctly. If you do this, you are doing it wrong or the processor is misaligned. All you have to do is align the processor with the connector and remove it. Gravity must be able to adjust the pins. If not, something must have misaligned. Remove the processor and check that it is correctly oriented.
Press the ZIF level down. If you are sure that the music center is now installed correctly, press the ZIF lever down. Closing the ZIF lever may cause the CPU to come out of the slot. In this case, all you have to do is lift the lever again to restart the processor. It’s the same here: Never press the processor, although a small tap is sufficient to hold it in position before the ZIF lever is permanently closed.
Clean the top of the processor with a soft cloth. This is necessary for the application of the thermal paste or sealant. This connection can be purchased separately, depending on the product you own. Most Intel processors contain their own thermal paste, so be sure to have it at hand before trying to install a new processor.
Thermal mixing is necessary to ensure efficient heat transfer from the processor to the cooler.
Clean the contact surface of the heat sink or CPUheat sink. As with the contact surface of the processor, you want to make sure that the contact surface of the heat sink is perfect. Make sure that no residue, lint or old heat-conducting paste remains on the contact surface (if using a used cooler).
Some stoves do not require polishing because they are designed for a material that melts when the processor is heated. This material hardens as soon as the processor has cooled down. So make sure you know your processor’s cooling system before installing it.
Apply thermal coupling. After making sure that there are no dirt, small pieces of metal or defects on top of the processor, you can now apply the thermal paste. The ideal amount of thermal paste depends on the product you have, but most Intel processors come with a pre-dosed amount of thermal paste in the syringe. It is not recommended to use too much heat-conducting paste and therefore too little. Also here you can consult your processor documentation to determine the ideal quantity. Normally 0.1 cubic centimetre is recommended, but depending on the type of processor more may be needed. Excess paste can spread between the surface of the processor and the heat sink. Make sure you remove excess dough from all ends of the nest if possible.
The thermal mass of the heat sink emits heat from the processor, but this must be done by heat dissipation. This prevents damage or overheating of the CPU because the heat sink absorbs the heat. Most processors use a cupcake fan to constantly circulate air through the heat sinks to dissipate the accumulated heat.
Protection CPU cooler. Once you have placed the correct amount of thermal mixture, attach the processor cooler correctly. To do this, keep it as horizontal as possible in relation to the main circuit board. The installation of the CPU cooler depends on your product. Some coolers are mounted at an angle in metal brackets, while others are connected with pins or locking tabs. Before attaching the CPU cooler, gently push it down in a small circular motion to distribute the heat mixture evenly. When replacing the cooler, it must be connected to the CPU fan connection on the motherboard. This allows you to turn on the cooler’s fan after the computer is turned on. This also allows the motherboard to control the CPU fan for optimal use. Most modern motherboards allow the user to adjust the speed of the CPU fan when the CPU is lightly loaded, thus generating less heat. More importantly, the motherboard can warn the user if the fan fails or behaves unpredictably.
Connect all previously disconnectedcables. The last thing you need to do is make sure all connections are back before you close the case for good. If you can’t remember where all the ports go, look at the pictures you took with your phone when you removed the old processor. Once this is done, turn on your computer and check that everything is working properly.
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